FGD Strategy For Implementing Blue Carbon
Economy Value at Riau Islands Province
Coastal and marine ecosystems called Blue Carbon ecosystems are a potential carbon sink that is no less large than terrestrial ecosystems. These coastal ecosystems are mangrove forests, seagrass beds and tidal marshes which are able to absorb carbon from the atmosphere and oceans. The carbon stored in coastal ecosystems is known as Blue Carbon.
The carbon stored in coastal ecosystems is known as Blue Carbon. MMAF (2022) estimates that the total potential for carbon sequestration from coastal ecosystems in Indonesia reaches 3.4 GT (giga tons) or around 17% of the world's total blue carbon. Meanwhile, the study by Wahyudi, et.al (2018) predicts that the potential for above-surface carbon absorption for mangrove ecosystems is 320.06 tons C/ha and buried carbon is 571.84 tons C/ha. As for seagrass ecosystems, the same study estimates surface carbon uptake of 0.94 tons C/ha and buried carbon of 558.35 tons C/ha.
Based on this, Article 8 paragraph (1) Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 98 of 2021, mandates the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) to implement climate change mitigation in the marine sector (Blue Carbon).
The Riau Islands, 96% of which is ocean, has the potential to contribute to absorbing carbon in the richness of its ecosystem, especially seagrass beds.
The purpose of the FGD activities at the sub-national level is to map potential, opportunities, challenges and support for adaptation and mitigation strategies related to blue carbon management at the provincial and district or city levels. As well as identifying and mapping the needs and gaps (gaps) in the development of human resources, regional institutions and mechanisms for implementing carbon economic values in the regions.